domingo, 8 de noviembre de 2015

Riesgo de pobreza o exclusión social en 2014


 



 

El riesgo de pobreza o exclusión social afecta a 1 de cada 4 personas en la UE en 2014

122 million persons in this situation in the EU

 


DEFINICIÓN DEL CONCEPTO "RIESGO DE POBREZA"

***The at-risk-of-poverty rate is the share of people whose total household income (after social transfers, tax and other deductions) that is available for spending or saving is below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income after social transfers (= EL PORCENTAJE DE FAMILIAS CUYA RENTA DISPONIBLE NETA ES INFERIOR AL NIVEL DEL 60% DE LA MEDIA NACIONAL).

***This indicator does not measure wealth or absolute poverty, but low income in comparison to other residents in that country. (= ESTE INDICADOR NO MIDE LA RIQUEZA O POBREZA DE LOS CIUDADANOS. LO QUE MIDE ES LA BAJA RENTA NETA DISPONIBLE EN COMPARACIÓN CON OTROS CONCIUDADANOS)

***It is therefore important to note that the at-risk-of-income-poverty rate is a relative measure of poverty (= EL CONCEPTO "RIESGO DE POBREZA ES UNA MEDIDA DE LA POBREZA RELATIVA)



 Riesgo de pobreza o exclusión social

In 2014, 122 million people, or 24.4% of the population, in the European Union (EU) were at risk of poverty or social exclusion.
This means that they were in at least one of the following three conditions:
1.-at-risk-of-poverty after social transfers (income poverty),
2.-severely materially deprived
3.-or living in households with very low work intensity.




After a slight decrease in 2013 following three consecutive years of rise, the proportion of persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU remains in 2014 (24,4%) nearly stable but higher than its 2008 level (23.8%). The reduction of the number of persons at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU is one of the key targets of the Europe 2020 strategy.


 UE:                  23,8% (2008) ---> 24,4% (2014)
España:           24,5% (2008) ---> 29,2% (2014)

 


 

 

 

Looking at each of the three elements contributing to being at risk of poverty or social exclusion:

1.-17.2% of the EU population in 2014 were at risk of poverty
after social transfers, meaning that their disposable income was below their national at-risk-of-poverty threshold (see the corresponding table). This proportion of persons at risk of income poverty in the EU has increased compared with 2013 and also with 2008 (both 16.6%).
Compared with 2008, the proportion of persons at risk of income poverty has increased in eighteen Member States for which data are available, and has decreased in five.
UE:                  16,6% (2008) ---> 17,2% (2014)
España:           20,8% (2008) ---> 22,2% (2014)

 
2.-8,9% severely materially deprived
In the EU in 2014, 8.9% of the population were severely materially deprived, meaning that they had living conditions constrained by a lack of resources such as not being able to afford to pay their bills, keep their home adequately warm, or take a one week holiday away from home. This proportion of persons severely materially deprived in the EU has decreased compared with 2013 (9.6%) but remains higher than in 2008 (8.5%). Compared with 2008, the proportion of persons severely materially deprived has increased in eleven Member States for which data are available, and decreased in twelve.
UE:                  9,1% (2008) ---> 11,1% (2014)
España:           6,6% (2008) ---> 17,1% (2014)

 

3.-11,1% living in households with very low work intensity
For low work intensity, 11.1% of the population aged 0-59 in the EU lived in households where the adults worked less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year.
Compared with 2008, the share of persons aged 0-59 living in households with very low work intensity has increased in nearly all Member States, except in Germany, Poland and Romania.
UE:                  8,5% (2008) ---> 8,9% (2014)
España:           3,6% (2008) ---> 7,1% (2014)

 


 
 

 

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